Often people have difficulty installing a replacement drive that we send out, and normally it just takes the troubleshooting tips from the manual to get them up and running. However, the manual isn’t always the easiest to find or sort through, so below we’re posting the Siemens Micromaster 420 Troubleshooting section from the manual which should help anyone who is working to get the issues with their drive sorted out.
Here are some basic principles for troubleshooting a FANUC motor circuits with meter or megohm meter. This procedure will show you how to test for shorts in windings, cables, or opens. Before starting to test, make sure to turn all all the power sources to the machine and then disconnect the 3-phase motor lines from the drive end. Visually confirm that there are no problems with the cable and then begin testing.
Testing for a short to ground:
- Using an Ohm meter: Disconnect all power and amplifiers from machine. Check all three wires at T1, T2, and T3 (all three phases) to the ground wire. The readings for this should be infinite, and if it is zero or reads any continuity then there is a problem with the motor or the cable. For this disconnect the cable and check each separately. Be sure to make sure leads on both ends are not touching anything, including the other leads. Most servo motor shorts can be ready with a regular quality meter going to at least 10 megaohms.
- Using a Megohm meter: Disconnect all power from machine. Check all three wires at T1, T2, and T3 (all three phases) to the ground wire. Reading should be between 600-2000 Megohms. Most shorts will be below 20 Megohms. Be careful not to touch the leads or the wires to anything when taking the reading because it can give a false reading. There should be about 1000 Ohms of resistance for each volt of incoming power, but this is not a standard rule. If it is 230meg to 600meg there may be deterioration in the cable.
Testing for Open or Short in the windings:
- Using an Ohm meter: Disconnect all power from the machine. Put meter on ohms and test T1 to T2, T2 to T3, and T1 to T3. The range should be between 0.3 and 2.0 ohms, with most being at about 0.8 ohms. If it is zero there is a short between the two phases. If it is an open the reading will be infinite or well above 2,000 ohms.
- Cable and plug notes: Often times the connector on the cable to the motor will get coolant in it. You can dry it out an retest, if it is still bad the inserts will get burn marks in them and cause a slight short, so they need to be replaced. If it is a DC motor, check the brushes. There should be 3-4 round caps to remove around the motor. Under these there is a spring with a square block (brush). Check to see how much is left, they may need to be replaced.
MRO Electric has a large stock of FANUC motors available. If you would like a replacement or spare, or if you have any questions, please call 800-691-8511 or email email@example.com.
1. Be certain your input voltage source, motor, and drive name plates are all marked either 230V, 460V, or 575V. Other voltages can be used, but they require additional programming.
2. Mount drive on vertical surface with adequate space for air circulation.
3. Remove front cover, fit conduit to bottom plate, and connect power and ground wires.
Caution: Be certain you connect power to terminals L1, L2, and L3 only, or serious damage will result. Connect motor to T1, T2, and T3 only.
Installation of External Run/Stop Switch and Speed Potentiators:
Important: Complete the Installation and Keypad Operation before attempting external control.
- Disconnect power, remove cover, and wait for “CHARGE” light to go out.
- Connect a switch to terminals 1 and 11 using two conductor shielded wire. This circuit is 24Vdc, very low current; use a quality rotary or toggle switch (all wire should be 14-18AWG). Connect the shield to terminal 12 on the drive end only.
- Install a single conductor “jumper wire” between drive terminals 5 and 11.
- Connect a manual speed potentiometer rated 2000-3000 ohms, 1 watt minimum, using three conductor shielded wire, with shield connected at terminal 12. Connect wires to the potentiometer. Trace wire closest to the top and connect to terminal 17. Trace center wire of potentiometer through and connect to terminal 16. The remaining wire will be connected to the trim pot in step 5.
- Connect a trim potentiometer rated 2000-3000 ohms, 1 watt minimum, as close to the drive terminals as possible. Viewing the potentiometer from the back, connect a single conductor wire from the left terminal to terminal 15 of the drive. Connect a short jumper wire between the center and left terminals. Connect remaining wire from manual speed pot as shown.
MRO Electric and Supply Company carried new and remanufactured Yaskawa GPD 503 Drives. To place an order or for more information, call 800-691-8511 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
MRO Electric and Supply Company would like to wish all our loyal customers a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year during this holiday season.
TSX Nano PLCs are easy to set up and have numerous built in functions, such as memory for storing programs, battery-backed RAM, and real-time clocks for modules with 16 and 24 I/O’s. They can be installed easily on a mounting rail or base plate in the vertical or horizontal position. TSX PLCs are programmed in lists of instructions using the FTX 117 programming terminal, in Ladder or Instruction list language using software on an FT 2000, FTX 517 terminal or PC compatible. They can be used to augment extendable TSX PLCs using a single extension per base. Depending on the model they have
16 I/O : 9 inputs + 7 outputs
24 I/O : 14 inputs +10 outputs.
The following types of inputs and outputs are used:
Inputs : 24 Volts
Outputs : Relay outputs for models with ~ 100… 240 Volt power supply, transistor outputs with positive logic for models with 24 Volt power supply.
Each TSX Nano base PLC can be extended using an I/O extension. This extension is created by one of the PLCs with 10, 16, or 24 i/o. The function of each PLC is defined by the position of the coding selector switch:
Position 0 : base PLC
Position 1 : I/O extension
Up to 3 peer TSX PLCs, communicating via common words, can be connected to the base PLC. In this case, only the base PLC can receieve an I/O extension. The function of each PLC is defined by the position of the coding selector switch. I/O addressing of peer PLCs is identical to that of the base TSX PLC. The extension link cable between the base PLC and PLC extensions is shielded, twisted pair and is no more than 200 meters long. Each PLC has 2 reserved (IW) and 2 reserved (QW) words for exchanging data between PLCs. These exchange words are updated automatically. For each PLC, the user program is only able to write to the 2 %QW output words and read the 2 %IW input words.