Benefits of Buying Refurbished Industrial Automation Equipment

At MRO Electric and Supply, we offer a wide range of repaired, refurbished and reconditioned automation products for each of our manufacturer lines. We never supply used, untested, second-hand parts. Each of our refurbished parts is fully cleaned, serviced, functionally tested, and upgraded to optimal working order before being made available for sale. We also place each of our reconditioned products in like-new packaging for easy identification, transportation, and storage.

Benefits of Refurbished Automation Products:

1. Availability
For many obsolete and legacy automation product lines, finding new, unused parts can be a challenging task. Oftentimes, searching for unavailable new parts can cause unreasonably long lead times which increases the risk of downtime. MRO Electric stocks a variety of refurbished products with same-day and next-day shipping options, while keeps the risk of downtime to a minimum.

2. Price
Refurbished products tend to be significantly less expensive than new parts. MRO Electric offers many refurbished items for up to 75% less than their new counterparts. This deep discounting allows our customers to stock up on spares while minimizing their costs.

3. Equivalence
Purchasing an exact replacement prevents compatibility issues versus upgrading to a newer component. For some manufacturers, it is better to stick with tried and true systems than risk purchasing a different part that may not function correctly with their process.

4. Reliability
Just because a part has been refurbished does not mean that it won’t last as long as new. Additionally, many of our refurbished parts have seen little or no use throughout their lifetime. We are extremely confident in the reliability of our refurbishment process, and warranty all of our products for a minimum of 12 months.

                            Our Top Manufacturers
 Siemens     FANUC     Schneider-Electric                         Yaskawa          ABB Control Techniques

Fanuc      KawasakiKUKA

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How does a relay work?

What is relay?

A relay is an electrically controlled switch that has the ability to turn a circuit on or off. Depending on the application relays can do a number of things. Relays can be used as switches to turn things on and off, or as amplifiers to convert smaller currents into larger ones. They can also be used to control a circuit with a low power signal or when multiple circuits need to be controlled by a single signal.

There are two kinds of relays, electromagnetic and solid state. In this post, we will be focusing on electromagnetic relays and how they work.

Basic Parts of a relay

Armature– is a basic metal piece that is balanced on a pivot or a stand. It is considered the moving ‘arm’ of the relay. It makes or breaks the connection with the contacts connected to it.

Spring– is connected to one end of the armature and pushes the armature back into place if no current is passing through.

Electromagnet– is a metal wire wrapped around a metal core. The wire does not have magnetic property but can be converted into a magnet with the help of an electrical signal.

Yoke– is a small metal piece affixedon a core which attracts and holds the armature when the coil is energized.

Contacts– conductive material that exists within the device whose physical contact opens or closes a circuit

A break refers to the number of locations on a circuit that a switch can make or break the flow of current. In electromechanical relays, there can be single breaks and double breaks. A single break is usually used with low power devices while a double break is usually used with high power devices.

A pole refers to the number of circuits that relays can pass through a switch. A single pole contact carries current through one circuit, while a double can carry it through two.

A throw refers to the number of separate wiring paths. For example, a triple throw switch can be connected to one of three contacts instead of one.

How does it work?

Source:
https://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/io/io_5.html

In an electromechanical relay, a small circuit has the ability to switch a larger circuit on or off through contacts by using an electromagnet. When charged, the electromagnet creates a magnetic field that attracts the armature and closes the contacts. Some contacts come in different configurations depending on the use of the relay. A normally open (NO) relay’s contacts are open when there is no current passing through, while a normally closed (NC) relay’s contacts are closed when there is no current passing through.

Source:
https://www.explainthatstuff.com/howrelayswork.html

There are many things to consider when choosing a relay for a project. Lifespan, operating environment, mechanical loads, size, and number and type of contacts are all important factors in choosing the right relay.

Pros and Cons of Electromagnetic relays

Advantages

Fast operation and reset

More definitive ON/OFF

Simple and most reliable

Disadvantages

Suffers the effects of age

No directional features


MRO Electric and Supply has an extensive inventory of relays in stock.  Please call email sales@mroelectric or call us at 800-691-8511 for a quote.

Yaskawa SIGMA 5 Troubleshooting

Yaskawa has established a firm position as the leading international developer of servo products in recent years, surpassing its competitors with innovation and utilization of advanced modern technologies.

Its Sigma 5 series is absolutely top of the class! Incorporated with the latest and most desirable features, this fleet of servo products does not disappoint. The Sigma 5 series catalog is briefly over-viewed below.

  • SERVOPACKs is a series consisting of high-end networkable amplifiers that support motors up to 55 kW
  • Rotary Servo Motors with outputs in the wide range of 50W – 15kW
  • Direct Drive Servomotors with peak torque 6-600 Nm
  • Linear Servomotors are directly driven by a coil
  • Linear Slides complete the package for customers using linear servomotors, comprising of components such as slides, carriages, etc.
SGMGV-09ADA61

With such a versatile range of products, Sigma 5 series is easily what you would want to have in your workshops and industries.

All servo drives are tailored according to contemporary market demands. With so many different kinds of motors, the drives make use of complex algorithms that allow engineers to exercise precise control over the motor output, helping them achieve the accuracy modern applications require.

Yaskawa is highly regarded among consumers and the industry for its professionalism. From product development to customer dealing, this quality shows through at each stage, and this is exactly what puts this company at the top.

This blog is dedicated to one aspect of this characteristic: Troubleshooting. Sigma 5 series is undoubtedly the most functional of all but this also means that the intricacies involved can sometimes be difficult to handle.

If one of these products does not perform as it should be, troubleshooting it should be something that field engineers should be able to do. Thankfully, the Sigma 5 series is accompanied by clear troubleshooting guidelines and is one of the most easy to handle.

  • Product Documentation

Each product comes with comprehensive documentation that can be accessed at any time to gain in-depth knowledge of its working. These documents contain important information like dedicated troubleshooting guides, operating parameter, alarm lists, product structure, and specifications.

With this information at hand, troubleshooting any of the Sigma 5 products becomes a piece of cake!

  • Software Support

Sigma 5 series comes with a very supportive software suite as well which can serve as the perfect troubleshooting tool. During installation and operation, these software used extensively for product setup and configuration.

The SigmaWin+ is an intuitive tool that allows convenient setup of each servo product. If you observe anything out of the normal with your Sigma 5 products, the first thing to do would be to check whether the configuration settings are compatible with your application.

Its most helpful function is the alarm diagnostic function. Troubleshooting is usually initiated after a machine raises an alarm. This software is designed to identify all the possible reasons that might have generated a specific alarm, and presents possible corrective measures as well.

Moreover, SigmaWin+ has enhanced features such as wiring check and auto-tuning of multiple parameters. Using these you can not only find the loopholes you are looking for but also optimize operations.

  • Yaskawa Customer Support

To top off the aforementioned troubleshooting options, MRO’s Repair team is always available for help. If you are experiencing a mind-boggling issue with your Sigma 5 products, this team is the go-to. Apart from repair work, MRO Electric and Supply has a core exchange program that saves the buyer time and money when receiving their new unit.

Keeping Your Breaker Running

In any industry of the modern era, the use of electronics is absolutely crucial and unavoidable. Whether you are operating a CNC shop, process plant, or assembly line, electronics devices and automation technologies are at work there.

Automation is understandably the backbone of our industries. However, it comes with an additional responsibility of maintenance and inspection. This is something industrialists sometimes neglect and core electronic equipment goes unchecked for long periods of time, which can lead to serious problems and financial loss.

In this blog, we focus on one basic electric device: the circuit breaker, and why do you need to keep it in tip-top condition.

Circuit breakers are installed at nearly every point in your plant’s electric layout and offer protection against over-current incidents which can damage sensitive devices like motors, drivers etc. They work by cutting off power supply to the circuit they are connected against if a high amount of current is detected.

siemens breakers

Proper maintenance of circuit breakers is an essentially that everyone must understand. If your breaker is faulty due to poor maintenance, you can end up with a burden that is far more than that of performing maintenance. The replacement of damaged devices in addition to the possible shutdown of an industrial process is not something what we want.

In our opinion, the best way to optimize breaker maintenance is to have a complete system in place. Discussed below are a few suggestions we have for people who wish to keep their breakers in proper running.

  1. Know Your Breaker

Circuit breakers come in different types and ratings. Usually in industries, they are categorized by the voltage they are supposed to handle, short-circuit current capacity (AIC value), and the medium they utilize.

You must know the sort of circuit breaker you are dealing with since each type has its own guidelines and precautions. This makes it much easier to narrow down your maintenance procedures and scheduling.

  • Never Forget the Instruction Manual

Once you have the basic know-how about the kinds of equipment you are dealing with, you should get your hands on their instruction manuals. It is always good to have a product manual at hand when testing out your breaker since it carries detailed guidelines about what procedure you should follow in order to ensure comprehensive maintenance.

  • Develop a Schedule

A maintenance schedule is a must if you want your breakers to be ready for a current overload. Usually the manufacturer advises the time period after which a breaker should be examined, a general thumb rule is that breakers should be tested every 6 months to avoid any breakdowns.

  • Avoid Negligence

This is where most almost everybody falls a bit short. If a breaker is tested and a fault is found, it should not be neglected and be rectified immediately. One should not put off the task of replacing damaged parts. You never know when your circuit might short out and be the cause of harm for your equipment.

In a recent blog post, we discussed the reasons why you should keep your machinery up to date. There are many important benefits to make sure your machinery is in its best condition, but none other than saving time and money down the road. It’s impossible to consistently run any machine and not encounter an issue sooner or later. For any inquiries on Siemens Breaker units or anything else, call us toll-free at (800)691-8511 or contact by email at sales@mroelectric.com.

ATS48 Soft Start Troubleshooting and Introduction

The Altistart 48(ATS48) series of soft starters by Square D allows for consistent start/stop rates that are independent of motor loads. These devices are more advanced than the standard drives that cannot control the applied motor torque. Featuring contact wiring and control, the soft starter allows for near-seamless integration with existing operations. Many preset parameters are included with the device and they cover a large spectrum of operations. Additional parameters may also be loaded up to meet specific needs. Available power ratings include:

  • 3 – 200 HP @ 208VAC, 60 Hz
  • 5 – 250 HP @ 230VAC, 60 Hz
  • 10 – 500 HP @ 460VAC, 60 Hz
  • 15 – 600 HP @ 575VAC, 60Hz

The ATS48 series features a dual configuration of two motors which allows for a cascaded start/stop in many operations. Using the Torque Control System(TCS) the unit can minimize wear on gears which allows for less time servicing the unit.

The Altistart 48 series takes advantage of the PowerSuite™ software for programming of your drive or soft starter.  With this software, you will be able to monitor and document all of your operations. Configurations are easily saved via hard disk, CD-ROM, flash memory, etc. Using Ethernet technology, the user is able to configure and monitor operations on the go, and a constant feed of information allows for real-time opportunity to modify and adjust configuration files on the fly.

Troubleshooting can be an issue for people when so many different things are going on. It just isn’t feasible to stop operations every time an error occurs. Below is a list of fault codes for the ATS48 Soft Start series that will help determine most issues:

Fault CodeDescription
nLP
rdY
Soft start without run command and:
• Line power not supplied
• Line power supplied
tbSStarting time delay not elapsed
HEAMotor preheating in progress
(Use SUP menu to set up monitoring
parameter. Factory setting: Motor Current.)
Soft start with run command
brLSoft start braking
StbWaiting for a command (RUN or STOP) in
cascade mode
CFF Invalid configuration on power-up
CFI Invalid configuration
CLFLoss of Control Power
EEFInternal memory fault
EtFExternal fault
ErFLine frequency out of tolerance
InFInternal fault
LrFLocked rotor fault
OCFOvercurrent fault
OHFSoft start overheating fault
OLCCurrent overload fault
OLFMotor overload/ground fault
OtFMotor thermal fault detected by PTC probes
PHFLoss of line or motor phase
PIFPhase reversal fault
SLFSerial link fault
StFExcessive starting time
ULFMotor underload fault
USFLack of AC line power on a run command

MRO Electric and Supply carries all models of this unit and has a fast and easy repair service to get your unit fixed and back into your hands as soon as possible.

Benefits of Upgrading Your HMI to LCD Technology

Human Machine Interfaces, or HMI’s, are used extensively throughout the world to control and monitor automated machinery.  These devices provide touchpad and visual interaction to control manufacturing processes and perform daily tasks.  One of the most recognized HMI devices is the Automated Teller Machine (ATM).  These ATM devices intuitively interface with users through a keypad and monitor to readily transact bank deposits and dispense cash withdrawals.  They provide reliable 24-hour access to our daily banking needs.

siemens

Various HMI devices are common throughout industry.  Many older HMI devices contain the original Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitor technology.  This older technology burdens the users and owner with several disadvantages:

  1. High Energy Consumption – The CRT technology is not considered energy efficient.  It requires more power to operate than the newer LCD technology.  CRT screens consume 3 – 4 times the energy when compared to the LCD screens.
  2. Expensive to maintain – CRT repairs are becoming more specialized and expensive as the workforce transitions to the newer technologies.
  3. Obsolete Components – CRT technology is outdated and beyond its life cycle.  Components required to support repair are becoming obsolete and expensive if available.
  4. Avoid costly new operator interface packages – MRO upgrades to LCD technology maintain the interface packages with your existing equipment (frames, communication connections, power sources, etc.).  Updated HMI’s from MRO are plug-n-play.
  5. Better Reliability – Heat generated by the CRT technology often shortens the life of the electrical circuit components.  CRT monitors tend to have a life of 18,000 to 20,000 hours.  LCD monitors provide more than 100,000 hours life.
  6. Clarity of Picture, Crisp Image – LCD’s make the screen burn often associated with CRT’s a thing of the past.  LCD image display is much clearer for the operator and will not fade.

MRO provides an HMI service to update your old CRT displays to LCD technology and new keypads.  This approach is a low-cost upgrade to superior technology with no risks. Visit our repair page, call us, or email us for an instant quote on fixing, swapping, or purchasing your new HMI device.

Our top HMI manufacturers include:

PLC vs. DCS: What’s the difference?

Before we get into the differences of a PLC’s and DCS’s, we need to talk about what each of them are designed to do.

What is a PLC?

A PLC, or Programmable Logic Controller, is a computer that has been adapted to specifically meet the needs of any specific manufacturing process. These devices come in many different shapes and sizes, with many options for digital and analog I/O, as well as protection from high temperatures, vibration, and electrical noise. The invention of the PLC allowed computers to be streamlined into the industrial automation process.

A PLC can be a single device calculating and executing operations, or a rack of different modules may be used to meet whatever your automation system requires. Some of the additional components include processors, power supplies, additional IO, interfaces, and much more.  Every part works together to be able to run open or closed loop operations that are rated at high speed and high precision. Take a CNC machine for example; a PLC would be used to control positioning and motion, as well as torque control. These devices are popular because they are very inexpensive relative to the amount of power and how many hours you get out of them.

 What is a DCS?

A Distributed Control System is an automated control system that streamlines the functionalities of the various devices that are used throughout an entire work space. This type of system uses many different controllers to allow all the machining parts to talk to each other as well as computers that can input parameters and display information such as power usage, speed, and much more. These controllers are distributed geographically across a plant to allow for high-speed communication to the control room. When using different types of modules however, the system may require different communication standards such as Modbus and Profibus. DCS’s started coming to fruition throughout the 1960’s once the microcomputer was brought widespread into the market.

Then what exactly is the difference?

A PLC will probably be used to control a machine that isn’t too complex wheres the DCS can have total control of all the operations in an entire plant. The PLC is preferred in situations where the machine does not have to worry about meeting specific conditions inside the plant. These conditions typically involve operations that may need to stop or restart, as well maintaining precise temperatures. A DCS will be able to take advantage of all the aspects of an automated system, from the machines and sensors to the controllers and computers. An entire DCS is much more expensive than a few PLC’s, but each have their advantages in any given situation and certain automated systems will always require one over the other.

Visit MRO Electric and Supply’s website to see all of our available Programmable Logic Controllers. If we don’t have what you need listed on the site, contact us at sales@mroelectric.com or (800)691-8511 and we will be happy to help.

Kawasaki E3/E7/E9 Controllers

Being a leader of the robotics industry for over 50 years, Kawasaki has developed one of the most complete lines of e-controllers on the market. All of these controllers are suited with a wide array of features including:

  • High powered CPU performence
  • Large, easy to use LCD Display
  • Optimized key layout
  • Easily accessible safety switches

The E76/77 family of controllers are very compact and used for smaller robot arms. One of these arms are the RS003N Robot, which has a maximum payload of 3kg and has horizontal and vertical reaches of 620mm and 967mm, respectively. The controllers with these robots specialize in assembly and material handling applications.

The E9 family of robotic teach pedants are also built very compact, however these devices are typically used in medium-duty applications. Unlike the other two families of controllers, the E9 family features an open structure system with a direct cooling system. However, like the E7 and E3 families, the enclosed structure with indirect cooling is an available option. The E9 family takes full advantage of the digital servo drive powering it to have a maximum payload capacity of 40kg.

E30/32/33/34 controllers at their base are very alike the E76/77 controllers but with more power. These devices are not as compact as the previous devices we have discussed, however the reason being they are highly expandable and are easier to maintain. Features such as Kawasaki’s K-Logic sequencer software allow the addition of up to 16 total controllable axes. The E3 family of Kawasaki e-controllers are able to handle the following maximum payloads:

  • E30 – 145 kg
  • E32 – 180 kg
  • E33 – 195 kg
  • E34 – 180 kg

If you are interested in learning how to purchase the robot arm, the controller, or any other part/device that goes into an industrial robotic set-up, please call MRO Electric and Supply at (800)691-8511 or email us at sales@mroelectric.com and we will help you get what you need.

3HAC028357-001

ABB Robotics 3HAC028357-001 Teach Pendant

The 3HAC028357-001 is a modern ABB Robotics Teach Pendant designed to be used with the IRC5 Industrial Robot Control, one of the most popular robotics controls on the market. Also known as the “FlexPendant”, the 3HAC028357-001 is characterized by its clean, color touch screen-based design and 3D joystick for intuitive interaction.

The 3HAC028357-001 TPU (or teach pendant unit) is a hand held operator unit used to perform many of the tasks involved when operating a robot system: running programs, jogging the manipulator, modifying robot programs and so on.

The FlexPendant is designed for continuous operation in harsh industrial environment. Its touch screen is easy to clean and resistant to water, oil and accidental welding splashes.

 

ABB FlexPendant

 

The 3HAC028357-001 replaces the legacy 3HAC023195-001 teach pendant.

The standard cost for a new ABB 3HAC028357-001 direct from the manufacturer or authorized distributor is typically in the $6000-7,000 range. MRO Electric is able to supply these pendants at a much lower price point, and we warranty all of our robotics parts for 12 months.

If you would like a free quote on a replacement ABB 3HAC028357-001, please email us at sales@mroelectric.com or call 800-691-8511.

Motoman Teach Pendants And More

Yaskawa Motoman, an American subsidiary of Yaskawa Electric Corporation, was founded in 1989 and since then have been able to get over 380,000 industrial robots, 10 million servos, and 18 million drives into automation systems around the world. Robots are the wave of the future and Yaskawa Motoman is at the top of this market. Using an automated robotic system in your work space will allow you to free up many other costs and resources that may not have been available before.  The key to efficiency is simplicity and using  Motoman Teach Pendants to give instructions to your robot makes that possible.

Teach Pendants are non-tethered devices that allow your robot to be controlled remotely. These devices are crucial for industrial robotics as they are not only used for assigning operations but they are able to edit commands, emergency stop commands, and even view past operations. Motoman Teach Pendants are split between the older models(ERC, XRC, MRC) and the newer models(DX and NX Series’).

MRC

The older models such as the MRC, which came out in 1994, were able to increase the workload of an industrial robot by up to 300%. This was also the first time ever that a single teach pendant was able to control two robots at the same time. Four years later when the XRC model was released, it was a huge improvement as Motoman was able to add control of more axes and even up its synchronous control of two robots to four industrial robots.

nx100

Later in 2004, the NX series of controllers was released. These devices featured Windows CE with a high-power processor, back-lit color touchscreen, built-in ethernet, and a huge amount of memory. A single teach pendant can control up to 36 axes and 4 separate robots. It’s Advanced Robot Motion control allows for the most accurate results. For information about the DX series, please visit one of our previous blog posts featuring the DX200 controller and Yaskawa’s new ArcWorld project.

Looking inside the ArcWorld 6000 and DX200 Controller

Yaskawa’s ArcWorld 6000 line of robotic welding systems offer the most cost efficient and powerful solution to your welding needs. ArcWorlds are pre-built, easy to install, and ready to run immediately after installation. The units can configured with multiple robots, a heavy duty positioner or servo controlled external axes. The 6000 line can handle payloads from 755 kg to 1255 kg over a 2 or 3 meter span.  There are many other cool benefits to running the ArcWorld over a traditional welding system:

  • All controllers and power sources are installed and shipped on the frame for minimal setup
  • The world class MA1440 arc used for welding can be combined with multiple robots to cut cycle time by 15%
  • Twist locking connectors for all cabling
  • Fully compliant with most recent robot safety standards (ANSI/RIA R15.06-2012)
  • A standard workcell is only documented and supported by Yaskawa Motoman

arcworld 6000

The RM2-Series Positioners are are powered with three AC servo motor drives and have a payload capacity of 1555 on each side. With a 6.5 second rapid indexing time, the positioners have a part length between 3000mm and 3500mm. Convenient slip ring built for  the fixture of utilites such as Ethernet and DeviceNet. The positioner uses MotoMount mounting technology inside of the Yaskawa ArcWorld Unit.

Typically used inside of the ArcWorld 6000 line is the DX200 controller. These controllers can coordinate motion between 8 robots with up to 72 axes. Its Advanced Robot Motion control gives the ArcWorld unit the ability to use the arc’s at their peak performance with pinpoint precision. DX200 controllers are available with Cat 3 Functional Safety Unit. Maintenance is hardly necessary as these controllers efficiently use energy and use top of the line prevention methods for most types of failures. Contact Yaskawa Motoman right now to inquiry on price options for different ArcWorld models and make your automation system perform at its best.

dx200